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Apollo Adlux Hospitals Kochi
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Endoscopic sinus surgery

What is endoscopic sinus surgery ?

It is the surgery done using 4mm camera inserting through the nostrils to remove disease inside the nose especially nasal polyps.

What is Nasal Polyp?

A polyp is a fleshy tissue arising from the nose and sinuses.

How does Nasal Polyps occur?

Polyps usually occur due to inflammation of the lining of the nose and sinuses. Nasal polyps can be considered as part of the spectrum of chronic rhinosinusitis. They must be distinguished from more serious pathology such as nasal tumours.

What are the causes of Nasal Polyps?

In association with:

  • Chronic Rhinosinusitis
  • Asthma
  • Allergic fungal sinusitis
  • Environmental and occupational

What are the symptoms?

  • Increased nasal obstruction or stuffiness
  • Nasal discharge
  • Frequent nose bleeds
  • Loud Snoring
  • Persistent pain over face and forehead
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Ear fullness or pain

How do we diagnose Nasal Polyps?

  • Detailed Clinical examination of the Ear, Nose and Throat
  • Routine Blood Tests
  • Diagnostic Nasal Endoscopy
  • CT Scan and other imaging

How do we treat Nasal Polyps?

Treatment varies according to the patient’s situation and is usually provided after a consultation and thorough clinical evaluation. It can be medical or surgical:

  • Antibiotics: to deal with the infection
  • Steroid Nasal sprays
  • Oral short-course Steroids
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Anti-allergic medication

What is Functional endoscopic sinus surgery or FESS?

Functional Endoscopic sinus surgery is the name given to operations used to treat nasal polyps. In the past sinus operations were done through incisions (cuts) in the face and mouth. However, sinus surgery with an endoscope, allows the operation to be performed without the need for these cuts. When will I need surgery to treat Nasal Polyps?

We usually consider surgery in cases of nasal polyposis, where initial medical treatment has failed to improve your situation. However, in advanced cases surgery may be the first line of treatment, without further delay.